Generating Roman numerals in Vala

I have recently been learning and enjoying the Vala programming language.  I am writing a lightweight markdown-to-PDF converter and wanted to be able to automatically number list items in Roman numerals.  Here, in case anyone wants it, is Knuth’s algorithm for producing the Roman numeral for a number.  I converted this to Vala from the original WEB source, part of TeX, as quoted by Hans Wennborg.  Enjoy!

string roman(uint num)
{
    // Knuth's algorithm for Roman numerals, from TeX.  Quoted by
    // Hans Wennborg at https://www.hanshq.net/roman-numerals.html.
    // Converted to Vala by Chris White (github.com/cxw42).  CC-BY 4.0 Intl.

    var sb = new StringBuilder();

    string control = "m2d5c2l5x2v5i";
    int j, k;   // mysterious indices into `control`
    uint u, v;  // mysterious numbers
    j = 0;
    v = 1000;

    while(true) {
        while(num >= v) {
            sb.append_c(control[j]);
            num -= v;
        }
        if(num <= 0) {  // nonpositive input produces no output
            break;
        }

        k = j+2;
        u = v / control[k-1].digit_value();
        if(control[k-1] == '2') {
            k += 2;
            u /= control[k-1].digit_value();
        }

        if(num+u >= v) {
            sb.append_c(control[k]);
            num += u;
        } else {
            j += 2;
            v /= control[j-1].digit_value();
        }
    }

    return sb.str;
} // roman()

(not extensively tested — use at your own risk. No warranty. License details here.)

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